What Causes Bubbles In Epoxy Resin?
What Causes Bubbles In Epoxy Resin?
There are a few different factors that can contribute to bubbles forming in epoxy resin. The most common cause is outgassing when trapped air or gasses are released from the concrete and cause blisters, craters, bubbles, or pinholes in the epoxy floor. Outgassing can also occur when the resin is mixed, poured, or exposed to air.
Another cause of outgassing is the release of carbon dioxide, which is produced naturally during curing. In addition to causing bubbles in epoxy resin, outgassing can also accelerate the degradation of the epoxy resin by releasing toxic contaminants.
These toxins can cause health issues if inhaled as a vapor or ingested in large amounts over an extended period.
Outgassing will also cause a reduction in the strength and durability of the epoxy floor, which may be noticeable after only a short use.
Another potential cause could be mixing the epoxy resin with an incompatible hardener, which can cause chemical reactions that result in bubbling.
Finally, if the epoxy resin is applied in too thick of a layer, it can cause bubbling as the air is trapped underneath the resin.
What Is Epoxy Infusion Resin?
Resin infusion is a process by which resin is drawn into a dry laminate while it is held under a vacuum against a rigid mold by a sealed flexible membrane.
The most commonly used membrane consists of a disposable film (vacuum bag), and this film is sealed against the mold edges using sealant tape.
The advantage of resin infusion is that it allows for the creation of complex shapes that would be difficult or impossible to create using other methods. It also eliminates the need for a separate support structure, which can save both time and money.
However, the time it takes for resin infusion can vary depending on a few different factors. The size or shape of the part being infused and the layout of the infusion setup can both play a role in how long it takes for the resin to wet the part fully.
In some cases, it can take as little as a few minutes, while in others, it may take up to an hour. During this time, the resin at lower pressure around the feed line will be able to disperse, and any excess is carried into the rest of the part.
Once the resin has fully wet the part, it will begin to cure, and the final product will be much stronger and more durable than if it had been made with traditional manufacturing methods.
What Is Epoxy Novolac Resin?
Epoxy novolac resins are multifunctional epoxy resins manufactured from phenol novolac resin and epichlorohydrin. When cured, these resins form cured materials that possess a mesh structure with a high cross-linking density.
This results in highly resistant materials to chemicals and temperatures, making them ideal for various industrial and commercial applications.
Epoxy Novolac resins and Low Viscosity Epoxy Novolac resins offer reliability, protection, and performance backed by Hexion’s comprehensive research and development programs. Epoxy Novolac resins are based on the reaction of a phenol with an aldehyde to form a cross-linked polymer.
This resin system offers excellent chemical resistance and is frequently used in aggressive environments. Low Viscosity Epoxy Novolac resins are designed to offer the same chemical resistance and performance as Epoxy Novolac resins but with a lower viscosity for easier processing.
Epoxy Novolac resins and Low Viscosity Epoxy Novolac resins are available in both one and two-component systems.
However, Novolacs are produced by reacting phenols with formaldehyde (methanal). These highly functional resins carry around 2 to 6 epoxy groups per molecule and are used to improve the properties of cured epoxy resin systems.
EPON™ Resin 1031 is a solid, novolac-free multifunctional epoxy resin that is most frequently used for this purpose. It improves cured epoxy systems’ mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties.