What Does Wing Wall Mean In Construction?
What Does Wing Wall Mean In Construction?
A wing wall (also known as a “wing wall” or “wing-wall”) is a smaller wall attached to or adjacent to a larger wall or structure.
Wing walls are commonly used in bridge construction and act as a retaining wall to contain backfill material behind the abutment wall and minimize carriageway settlement.
They can also be used in residential construction, acting as a retaining wall to facilitate quick drainage of water away from the structure.
According to Law Insider, wing walls are defined as walls that meet certain screening requirements.
When designing bridges, engineers must select the orientation of wing walls based on factors such as soil type, bridge length, and roadway width.
What Is The Purpose Of Wingwall?
The main purpose of wing walls on an abutment is to contain backfill material behind the abutment wall and minimize carriageway settlement.
Wing walls can also be used for small bridges, drains with low banks, railway bridges in cities, retaining walls from the sides of a home, and decorative wing walls on houses to conceal garbage cans.
Additionally, wing walls are used in the design of bridges to retain fill that supports the roadway and provide protection against erosion.
What Is Difference Between Retaining Wall And Wing Wall?
A wing wall is a smaller wall attached or next to a larger wall or structure. It acts as a retaining wall and is often connected to abutments, homes, bridges, and other structures.
Wing walls can be different from or part of the abutment wall.
A retaining wall is meant to retain earth pressure against an artificially cut edge or excavation edge in soil.
An abutment is a type of retaining wall that also supports the superstructure of a bridge. Retaining walls are usually not connected to bridges.
How To Build A Retaining Wall?
Building a retaining wall is a great way to add structure and definition to your landscape.
To construct a retaining wall, you will need to excavate the area, ensure a level base, compact the base, and lay the blocks.
It is important to backfill with material after laying each course of blocks and use a hand tamper to compact the material.
Additionally, it is recommended that you bury the bottom course or courses of the retaining wall one tenth the height of the wall to prevent soil from pushing against it.
Finally, make sure that you use quality materials such as concrete blocks or stones for your retaining wall.
What Are The Advantages Of Wing Wall?
Wing walls are side walls that provide stability to a bridge. They can also be used to direct water flow and protect the embankment from erosion.
Wing walls can also be purely decorative. Additionally, wing walls can be used to allow natural air into a home by pairing two wing walls, one larger and one smaller.
The primary purpose of outlet wing walls is to prevent any problematic downstream conditions that can cause problems for flume measurement efforts.
Are Wing Walls Structural?
Wing walls are structural members that are located at the end of a bridge structure. They are used to contain backfill material behind the abutment wall and minimize carriageway settlement.
Wing walls can be distinct from or a portion of the abutment wall, and they act as a retaining wall to facilitate a structure’s stability. They are also used in other structures such as entrances to covered bridges.
What Is The Typical Angle Of A Wing Wall?
The typical angle of a wing wall is 45 degrees. This angle can be adjusted depending on the specific requirements of the structure, such as the length of the wing wall.
Wing walls are typically used to direct the flow of water into a flume or bridge across rivers.
What Are Wing Walls Made Of?
Wing walls are generally constructed of the same material as those of abutments, such as concrete or sheet metal. They can also be made from fiberglass or concrete slabs.
Wing walls are headwalls that extend at an angle from the pipe opening and can be made with aprons or footings if required.
They are used for bridge support or for maximum erosion control, especially on embankments.