What Is Curb Cut In Driveway?
What Is Curb Cut In Driveway?
A curb cut is a gap in the curb that allows a driveway or right of way to connect to the street. A permit is typically needed from the town or city to make the opening in the curb.
Curb cuts are crucial when seeking permission to build a project as their placement affects traffic flow and adds vehicles to the road.
They must be positioned to minimize any driving difficulties when exiting the property onto the road.
Curb cut aprons reduce the height difference between the street and property.
The driveway or access road typically exits the property at the curb cut on the road, and if there’s a sidewalk, the curb cut will have ramps on either side to ensure handicap accessibility along the entire width and back onto the sidewalk.
Final curb cuts are typically finished at the end of a project as previous cuts made during construction may have been damaged by heavy machinery.
Are There Regulations Of Curd Cut?
All curb cuts and driveway aprons built or modified within the street right-of-way must comply with the following regulations:
- Curb cuts cannot be closer than 10 feet from the side property line, except in residential zones or as specified by city regulations at the time of construction.
- Curb cuts cannot be within 5 feet of, or interfere with, intersecting sidewalks, utility facilities, light poles, fire hydrants, catch basins, street signs, signals, or other public installations.
- Any adjustments to public installations must be made without cost to the city.
- No curb opening can be made near the points of curvature at intersections or between the points of curvature of any short-radius curb return that is deemed hazardous by the city engineer.
- Curb cuts or driveway aprons cannot create hazards for pedestrians or drivers or encourage illegal or unsafe traffic movements.
- Every curb cut and/or driveway apron must provide access to a parking space, building, or loading dock on private property for vehicle entrance.
- In R-O, R-3 commercial, and industrial off-site parking lots, the design must allow vehicles to exit without backing into a roadway or driving lane.
- Curb cuts and driveway aprons must be made of Portland cement concrete, with a minimum depth of 5 feet, as specified by the city engineer and in accordance with city regulations at the time of construction.
- All work must be done under the city engineer’s supervision and in accordance with city regulations at the time of construction.
- The licensed contractor, owner, or agent must maintain the premises safely, provide adequate barricades and lights at their own expense, and protect the city from damages caused by their operations.
- The angle between any driveway and the street and/or curb line must be 90 degrees to the street tangent or on a radial line to the street curve.
- The two side borders of each driveway apron must be parallel between the curb line and property line.
- City street rights-of-way cannot be used for private or commercial purposes. A permit for a curb cut driveway will only be issued if vehicles can be parked entirely within the private property lines.
- Abandoned or unused curb cuts or driveway aprons must be closed and replaced with a standard curb and sidewalk (if necessary) by the owner, according to city specifications. If the owner does not comply within 60 days after notice, the city may do so at the owner’s expense.
- The cost of alley approaches will be divided among all properties within the block based on each property’s square footage ratio to the total square footage within the block.
- Property owners are responsible for installing and maintaining drive approaches.
What Are The Uses Of Curb Cut In Driveway?
A curb cut, also known as a curb ramp, depressed curb, dropped kerb, pram ramp, or kerb ramp, is a ramp made of concrete or a similar solid material that connects the sidewalk to the street at a gentle slope.
It is meant primarily for pedestrian use and can be found in areas with high foot traffic.
Unlike a typical curb, which is perpendicular to the street and sits 4-6 inches above it, a curb cut has a gradient that connects the sidewalk and street surfaces, sometimes with textured paving for the visually impaired.