What Is Fine Aggregate In Concrete?

What Is Fine Aggregate In Concrete?

What Is Fine Aggregate In Concrete?

Fine aggregate, also known as sand, gravel and crushed stone, is one of the main components of concrete, along with water, cement, and coarse aggregate.

Fine aggregates generally consist of natural sand or crushed stone with most particles passing through a 3/8-inch sieve

Fine aggregates are a key component of concrete mixes, making up the majority of the volume of the mix.

They provide stability and influence the elasticity, abrasion resistance, and hardening properties of the concrete.

The size, shape, and composition of fine aggregates can also affect the shrinkage of the concrete.

Overall, the quality of the fine aggregates used can greatly impact the final properties of the concrete mixture.

What Is The Maximum Size Of Fine Aggregate?

Aggregates are materials that are commonly used as filler in combination with a binding material to create mortar and concrete.

There are several factors that determine the maximum size of aggregate that can be used:

(1) The clear spacing between reinforcing bars should not be more than 3/4 of the size of the aggregate;

(2) The minimum thickness of the member should not be less than 1/4 of the size of the aggregate;

(3) For heavily reinforced concrete members, the nominal maximum size of the aggregate should typically be limited to 5 mm smaller than the minimum clear distance between the main bars or 5 mm smaller than the minimum cover for the reinforcement, whichever is smaller;

(4) For structures such as abutments, piers, and retaining walls, 40 mm size aggregates should be used;

(5) For flooring projects, 10 mm size aggregates are typically used, and;

(6) For normal reinforced concrete construction, 20 mm size aggregates are commonly used.

What Is Coarse Aggregate And Fine Aggregate?

Coarse aggregates are rough, granular materials like sand, gravel, or crushed stone that are used to make concrete.

They can be obtained by blasting quarry rocks or crushing them by hand or with a machine. It’s important to wash coarse aggregates before using them to make concrete because their properties, such as their angularity and strength, can affect the concrete in various ways. Choosing the right coarse aggregates is a very important process.

Fine aggregate is a type of material, usually made up of natural sand or crushed stone, that is used to make concrete or mortar.

The quality and density of the fine aggregate can have a big impact on the strength and durability of the concrete.

When selecting fine aggregate, it’s important to consider factors like the grading zone, particle shape and surface texture, abrasion and skid resistance, and absorption and surface moisture. This can help make the concrete mixture more durable, strong, and cost-effective.

What Is Specific Gravity And Absorption Of Fine Aggregate?

The fine aggregate specific gravity test is a method used to calculate the specific gravity of a sample of fine aggregate, which is a measure of the ratio of the weight of a given volume of aggregate to the weight of an equal volume of water.

This test is similar to the coarse aggregate specific gravity test. The fine aggregate specific gravity test involves weighing a sample of the aggregate in three different conditions: oven-dry, saturated surface dry, and submerged in water.

From these three weights, the apparent specific gravity, bulk specific gravity, bulk SSD specific gravity, and absorption of the aggregate can be calculated.

These values are used to determine the weight-to-volume relationship of the aggregate, calculate various volume-related quantities such as voids in mineral aggregate and voids filled with asphalt, and assess the durability and asphalt-absorbing capacity of the aggregate.


The standard test methods for determining the fine aggregate specific gravity and absorption are AASHTO T 84 and ASTM C 128.

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