What Are The 3 Aggregates Of Concrete?

What Are The 3 Aggregates Of Concrete?

What Are The 3 Aggregates Of Concrete?

Aggregates are granular aggregates that, when combined with a cementing liquid, are used to create the concrete or hydraulic mortar. They are essential elements in the production of concrete, mortar, and other building materials, as well as in the construction and maintenance of buildings such as roads, sidewalks, parking lots, airport runways, and railways.

Geological elements such as gravel, sand, and crushed rock are used to make concrete aggregates. The particle size affects whether the aggregate is coarse (e.g., gravel) or fine (e.g., sand) (e.g. sand). Depending on the usage and application, the produced concrete can be utilized in its native condition or crushed.

Aggregate materials aid in the compacting of concrete mixtures. They also reduce cement and water usage while increasing concrete mechanical strength, making them an essential component in the building and maintenance of rigid structures.

Natural sand or sand and gravel mining, quarries, deposits, and subsurface sediments are all sources of aggregate materials. Three examples of aggregate materials include:

Crushed Stone

These items are made by mining rocks and crushing them to the correct size and texture. Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rock sources are all possible.


Sand can be found in nature. It is a thin mixture of stone and mineral particles, and its composition varies depending on the source. It can be utilized in road building or the production of concrete. Sand kinds include sand 4 block, sand 4 dosable, sand 5, sand 4, and sand 5 washed.


Gravel deposits form naturally as a result of moisture and erosion. There are several varieties of gravel, such as 34″ and 12″, seal, hydraulic base, and subbase, that may be utilized for road construction, concrete production, or ornamental and aesthetic objectives.

What Aggregates Should Be Avoided When Making Concrete?

The selection of high-quality coarse aggregate is critical for producing concrete with the necessary strength and durability.

The ideal building aggregate has a rough surface roughness, is clean, robust, and free of coating and other dirt particles.

The bulk of concrete construction uses coarse particles with a size of 20 mm or less. Visual inspection can provide an approximate indication of the surface roughness, particle shape, and cleanliness of the coarse aggregate. However, certain laboratory tests are required for porosity and gradations. Avoid the following aggregates:

  • Those that are friable or prone to splitting.
  • Those that have a high proportion of soft and porous materials.
  • Certain types of “chert,” because they have low resilience to weathering and can cause surface imperfections known as popouts.

What Aggregates Are Used In Insulating Concrete?

There are a variety of aggregates that can be used in insulating concrete, but the most commonly used ones are perlite, diatomite, vermiculite, pumice, and scoria. Each of these materials has its own unique properties that make it well-suited for use in insulating concrete.

Perlite is a volcanic siliceous rock. It holds moisture and expands to form a honeycomb structure when crushed and heated. It is utilized in plastering as well as loose-fill insulation. It is also utilized as an aggregate in concrete.

These materials have high thermal conductivity and low density, which makes them ideal for insulating concrete. The insulating properties are due to their high porosity and capacity for moisture retention. This makes them the ideal mineral for insulating concrete.

Which Shape Aggregates Are Not Good For Concrete?

There are various shapes of aggregates that are not good for concrete, even though they may look like they are. These are;

Rounded Aggregates

Rounded aggregates have the lowest number of voids (32 – 33%) and so have greater workability. They necessitate a lower water-cement ratio. Because of their poor interlocking behavior and low bond strength, they are not suitable for high strength concrete.

Irregular Or Partially Spherical Aggregates.

Irregular aggregates might have 35- 37% voids. When compared to rounded aggregates, these will have poorer workability.

Angular Aggregates.

Angular aggregates have the highest number of voids (38-45%), resulting in reduced workability.

Flaky Aggregates.

When the aggregate thickness is small when compared with width and length of that aggregate it is said to be flaky aggregate.

In other words, flaky aggregate is defined as having a least dimension that is less than 60% of its mean dimension.

Elongated Aggregates.

An elongated aggregate is one in which the length of the aggregate is greater than the other two dimensions, or when the length of the aggregate is greater than 180% of its mean dimension.

Flaky And Elongated Aggregates.

Flaky and elongated aggregates are those in which the aggregate length is greater than the breadth and the width is more than the thickness. The aggregates listed above are not appropriate for concrete mixing.

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