What Is Rustication In Architecture? What Are Rusticated Quoins?
What Is Rustication In Architecture?
Rustication is a masonry technique used in classical architecture where the visible surfaces of blocks are textured to contrast with smooth, squared-block masonry, also called ashlar.
The edges of each block are cut back and the central part of the face is given a rough or patterned surface.
The blocks are squared off on all sides except the visible face and are placed with wide joints to emphasize the edges.
Rustication is often used to give visual weight to the ground floor and was popular in Renaissance architecture and some modern architecture.
What Are Rusticated Columns?
Rusticated columns are an architectural feature which involves the use of large blocks of stone or masonry with a beveled or chamfered (angled) outer edge.
This gives the finished column a more rugged and natural-looking appearance, compared to the typically smooth columns used in Classical architecture.
Rusticated columns were commonly used during the Italian Renaissance, popularized by architects like Leon Battista Alberti, Palladio and Michelangelo.
They were often used to add visual interest and depth to an otherwise plain edifice as well as within courtyards populated by classical statues.
What Are Rusticated Quoins?
Rusticated quoins are stone blocks that are used to close off the corners of buildings. They are usually made of masonry and often have a decorative shape and appearance, sometimes with a carved pattern or texture on their surface.
Rusticated quoins serve an architectural purpose as they provide strength to the walls and give a building an aesthetically pleasing look.
They can also be made from other materials such as wood and metal but these tend not to provide the same level of support and durability as masonry.
Who Invented Rustication?
Inigo Jones introduced the technique of rustication to England, and it subsequently became a prevalent style in English stonework during the 17th and 18th centuries.
What Is Rusticated Wood?
Rusticated wood is a type of wood that has been treated with a series of unique techniques in order to give it a rugged, aged appearance.
This process involves sandblasting, brushwork, staining and other similar processes that change the surface of the wood to give it an antique, weathered look.
Rusticated wood is commonly used to create furniture and exterior siding that has a more traditional or historical feel and can be found in many different styles and colors.
It’s considered a more expensive option than regular lumber, but its unique look makes it well worth the investment.