What Is The Advantage Of A Pit House?
What Is Meant By Pit House?
A pit house is a type of underground dwelling, usually with an oval or circular shape and sometimes featuring a substantial roof. It is dug into the ground with a series of steps leading down to the entrance.
The floor of the pit house is often packed earth and can be blanketed in fur hides or woven mats for insulation and comfort.
Pit houses were commonly used by Native Americans, indigenous Australians, and other groups all around the world. They offer protection from the elements as well as privacy and security.
What Is The Advantage Of A Pit House?
A pit house is an ancient form of housing that is dug into the ground. It offers many advantages, such as protection from wind and extreme temperatures, insulation from sound, safety from predators and increased privacy.
Additionally, pit houses require little materials to construct and are usually cost-effective. Since they are underground, they also provide protection against floods or other natural disasters.
Furthermore, since the walls are built into the ground and not visible above it, pit houses can easily be camouflaged in their environment for extra privacy and security.
Who Lived In Pit-Houses?
Pit-houses were dwellings built partially or completely underground. They are found throughout the world, but particularly in Europe and Asia.
People living in pit-houses would construct a shallow hole or trench, then line its sides with stone, wood, or sod. A fire would be built in the center of the house for warmth and light, and food preparation.
Depending on their location and purpose, some pit-houses had chimneys to draw out smoke from cooking fires as well as windows for ventilation or to let in sunlight.
Pit-houses were often used by prehistoric hunter-gatherers and early farmers because they provided protection from wild animals and extreme weather conditions such as cold temperatures, wind and rain.
Additionally, they were easy to set up quickly when people moved around a lot.
How Do You Build A Pit House?
Building a pit house is relatively simple.
- Start by digging a trench that is at least two feet deep and four foot wide.
- Create the pillars to hold up the roof using either mud or mortar. Make sure to make these stout and stable so they can bear the weight of the roof.
- For insulation, you’ll want something like rocks, leaves or straw mixed into your mortar. Then form walls inside for support and cover the top with a layer of turf, logs or branches for extra strength.
- Finish it off by adding soil to fill in around the other materials and provide better protection from elements outside – make sure it’s packed down well!
- Finally, add some kind of door frame to enter and exit from your home – this can be made from wood or stone.
How Do Pit-Houses Not Flood?
Pit-houses are designed to be resistant to flooding due to their natural shape. They are built in an oval or round form, allowing water to run off rather than collecting on the roof or walls.
The base of the structure is also made raised and sloped, which encourages any water that does find a way into the house to quickly drain away.
Additionally, the roof is typically constructed with multiple layers of waterproof material so as to provide further protection against flooding.
Where Do People Build Pit Houses?
Pit houses are generally built in areas with colder climates and soils that can support the weight of the structure.
Construction sites may vary, such as below ground excavations, or even on hillsides where several feet of snow may accumulate in wintertime.
In some cases, pit houses are even built upside-down so that the heat generated is held closer to the inhabitants.
If a family does not have access to building supplies such as logs, rocks, or mud bricks, a pit house can be constructed from materials found nearby – sticks and leaves for shelter and stones for flooring and walls.