What Is The Meaning Of Concrete Mix Design Ratio 1:2:4?

What Is The Meaning Of Concrete Mix Design Ratio 1:2:4?

What Is The Meaning Of Concrete Mix Design Ratio 1:2:4?

The proportion 1:2:4 in the mix design indicates that 1 component cement is combined with 2 parts sand and 4 parts coarse material.

Mix design is the process of selecting appropriate concrete materials and establishing their relative proportions with the goal of creating concrete with a particular minimum strength and durability as inexpensively as feasible.

As can be seen from the definitions above, the aim of design is dual. The initial goal is to meet the minimal strength and durability requirements. The second goal is to manufacture the concrete as cheaply as possible.

The percentage is used to illustrate how much cement, sand, and coarse aggregate are included in the concrete. The specification should additionally state whether or not certain proportions are by weight or volume.

Which Code Is Used For Concrete Mix Design?

Various high-strength concretes have been produced in the age of industrial and infrastructural advancements to respond to the requirement for high-strength concrete and overall enhancement of the concrete qualities, bringing it well beyond M100.

Due to the limitations of IS: 456, a new technique has been used throughout India, which is to correctly design the mix from start, hence determining the appropriate ratio for that specific Concrete.

This is known as Mix Design of Concrete, and it adheres to specific criteria established by IS: 10262, 2009. In this post, I’d like to give some important remarks on designing the mix, as well as elements that are reliant on mix design, because a civil engineering business expects a comprehensive grasp of mix design procedures.

What Are The Special Requirements Of A Mix Design When For Pumped Concrete?

Pumpable concrete is not a special concrete, but rather standard concrete that can be pumped through a pipe line.

This concrete should be proportioned such that its friction on the inner walls of the pipeline does not rise to the point where it prevents movement at the pump’s pressure.

This concrete should contain more fines (cement + fine aggregate) than standard concrete in order to provide lubrication on the inside walls of pipe lines.

The special requirement is that it should contain fine particles no larger than 0.25 mm in size (cement + fine aggregate), and roughly 400 kg/m3 of concrete for a maximum coarse aggregate size of 32 mm. In the event of very angular and flaky aggregate, the quantity of fine aggregate may be increased by 10%.

What Is M25 Concrete Mix Design?

It is a concrete grade with a compressive strength of 25 N/mm2 after 28 days of curing. It is created by combining cement, fine aggregates, and coarse aggregates in a 1: 1: 2 ratio, with the water-cement ratio remaining between 0.4 and 0.6.

The letter M in this designation refers to the mix, and the number to the stipulated 28-day cube strength of the mix in N/mm2. The mix proportions of grades M25 match roughly the mix proportions (1:1:2).

M25 concrete ratio is 1:1:2, indicating the cement: sand: aggregate ratio. Simply said, if 1 kg of cement is used to make concrete, 1 kg of sand and 2 kg of aggregate should be utilized. (For example, 1 part cement to 1 part sand to 2 parts aggregate).

This concrete grade is commonly used for modest to medium-sized building projects. The M25 Concrete Ratio is commonly used in;

  • In the building of rigid pavement.
  • Used to make structural elements such as slabs, beams, and columns.
  • Used in the construction of retaining walls, structures, landscaping, and architectural designs, among other things.

What Factors Influence Concrete Mix Design?

The following elements influence the strength and durability of the concrete mix design:

Grade Designation

The strength of concrete is evaluated in N/mm2 after curing in any curing medium. The grade of concrete used is determined by its intended use.

Cement Selection:

Cement selection varies according on usage. Before being tested in the design mix, the cement should be examined for the performance needed by its purpose.

Aggregate Size Selection

The aggregate size required for each mix is determined by the physical qualities required for the design. Before usage, all aggregates must be quality sized.

Water Type

Any water used in the design of a concrete mix should be evaluated before use to ensure that it is within the range of water necessary for concrete. Although most drinking water is OK for concrete work, it should be checked.

Water-Cement Ratio

The water-cement ratio should be checked for consistency, initial and final setting, cement soundness, workability, slump of the concrete, and compacting factor.


This is the ease with which concrete may be mixed without segregation or bleeding. It is mostly determined by the intended slump of the concrete.


The necessary strength (N/mm2) of any concrete grade after 28 days of curing is measured here. On-site durability testing should be performed.

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