What Is A Climbing Formwork ?

What Is A Climbing Formwork ?

What Is A Climbing Formwork?

Climbing formwork also referred to as jumpform is a specialized type of formwork used for constructing vertical concrete structures. It consists of a mobile framework that can be adjusted in height as the building progresses, eliminating the need to dismantle and rebuild the scaffolding each time additional height is required.

The climbing formwork brackets are connected to an anchor system on the building’s surface which allows for greater stability during its ascent up the structure.

This type of formwork is an efficient way of pouring concrete into buildings with vertical walls, as it eliminates any extra space at the top that would otherwise have been left uncovered.

Climbing formwork are commonly used to pour concrete in areas where access is restricted or complicated. It is a costly and complex method, but it can be a suitable option for buildings with a repetitive design or requiring a continuous wall structure.

There are various types of climbing formwork, including those that are moved periodically and those that can move independently (usually using hydraulic jacks, which are necessary for self-climbing and gliding formwork).

Formwork is a technique used in the construction of towers, skyscrapers, and other tall vertical structures. It allows for the repeated use of the same formwork for identical or similar sections of the structure as it is built upwards.

Formwork can be used to create large, seamless concrete structures in a single pour, which can take several days or weeks to complete. This method can improve the strength and appearance of the structure, as well as reduce construction time and material costs.

Guided climbing systems, which remain connected to the building during the construction process, can also be used to facilitate the use of formwork in this way.

Climbing formwork structures typically include not only the formwork itself but also scaffolding for construction workers and may also provide space for machinery and weather protection.

These structures are usually modular and can adapt to the changing shape of a building as it is being constructed. They may also be fully enclosed.

Types Of Climbing Formwork

Climbing Formwork (Crane-Climbing)

This type of climbing formwork involves using one or more cranes to lift the formwork around the structure as the concrete hardens. This can be done by lifting the entire section at once or in segments.

Climbing Formwork (Self-Climbing)

This type of formwork uses mechanical leverage equipment, often hydraulic, to raise the structure. It is typically anchored to sacrificial cones or rails that have been placed in the concrete that has already been poured.

Gliding Formwork

This type of formwork is similar to self-climbing formwork in that it is designed to move upwards during the construction process. However, instead of climbing in an intermittent manner, it continuously ascends.

It may need to stop briefly to attach the climbing mechanism to new anchoring points, but otherwise, the process is uninterrupted.

This can result in a smoother finish on the final structure, but it requires a constant and uninterrupted pour to be successful. There is a risk of quality and stability issues if the pour must be stopped for any reason.

How Climbing Formwork Makes Concrete Construction Easy?

Climbing formwork is a type of formwork that can be raised as vertical concrete construction progresses. It can move using an electric or hydraulic jack and is also known as self-climbing formwork.

This type of formwork is suitable for structures that require continuous wall units or for tall structures with repeating forms. It is typically used for projects with more than 20 floors. Climbing formwork stays in place during the concrete pouring process.

Benefits Of Climbing Formwork

Self-climbing formwork has several advantages for construction projects.

  • It allows for the construction of vertical and horizontal elements of a building to be completed concurrently, which increases the speed of construction.
  • Additionally, it requires less labor to set up and is designed for repetitive actions, resulting in a higher productivity rate.
  • This formwork system is also safer for laborers to use during the setup and removal process compared to traditional formwork.
  • It does not need any additional supports and can be used in any weather conditions. The concrete also achieves a high-quality finish after curing.
  • Additionally, the climbing formwork system can be arranged to allow the use of a concrete pump within a certain area and can be used at inclined angles.
  • It reduces the need for scaffolding and temporary work platforms and is adaptable to complex wall geometries.
  • It also enables simultaneous construction of slabs and walls and allows for safe climbing and working at greater heights.
  • It can also be used to construct large shafts without the need for cranes or complex systems.

What Are The Main Components Of A Climbing-Formwork?

Some of the key elements of climbing formwork include;

  • Suspension platforms that support the formwork and allow it to be raised or lowered as needed
  • Wall formwork material and components which are used to shape and support the concrete as it sets
  • An anchor system that secures the formwork to the structure being built
  • Climbing brackets which allow the formwork to move vertically along the structure as it is being constructed.

Challenges Of Climbing Formwork

Climbing formwork is an innovative and efficient way to construct larger structures, but it is not without its challenges.

Compared to traditional formwork systems, climbing formwork requires more skill and experience to install due to the complex nature of the equipment and shifting center of gravity when a platform advances upwards.

Additionally, there are fewer resources available for training and troubleshooting compared to more established methods. Finally, the time-sensitive nature of the projects means that any delays or errors can be costly in terms of both time and money.

As such, it’s important for those who work with climbing formwork to have access to adequate support from knowledgeable professionals.


In conclusion, climbing formwork is a special type of formwork system that can be used for complex projects where the structure may change or extend in height during the course of construction.

It has many advantages such as saving time and money, reducing labor costs and ensuring accuracy throughout the entire building process.

Climbing formwork is an important part of any construction project requiring speed and accuracy with the final product.

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