What Is Storey In Building Construction
What Is Storey In Building Construction
Storey in building construction refers to any level part of a building that lies between the ground and roof. Storeys are typically one floor high, but can be multi-level, such as a mezzanine. Storeys are used to provide support for the walls, floor and roof of a structure, and each storey will usually have its own access stair or elevator if one is required for the building.
A storey is a building level used for various purposes such as living, working, storing or recreation. The terms “floor” and “level” are often used interchangeably with “storey,” but it is common to refer to a building with multiple storeys as a “multi-storey.”
Each storey is typically referred to by its number and the floor at street level is often called the “ground floor.” In some regions, such as the US, the ground floor is also referred to as the “first floor,” and the floor below it is called the “basement.”
Storeys and floors do not typically include outdoor areas that are not covered by a roof, like terraces on the rooftops of buildings. In some languages, flat roofs on buildings may still be considered floors.
In the UK, a house or home extension with two floors is sometimes called a double storey while a house with only one floor is called a single storey. Single-storey houses are also known as bungalows in the UK. Houses generally have one to two floors but it is not uncommon to find houses with three or four floors. The number of floors in a building is often used to classify it as a low-rise, mid-rise, or high-rise although these categories are not clearly defined.
The height of each floor in a building is typically determined by the height of the rooms and the thickness of the floors between them. On average, this is around 4.3 meters. However, the actual height of each floor can vary significantly with some being shorter or taller than this average. It’s common for the lobby of a building to be taller than other floors.
In tall buildings such as residential towers, the height of each floor may be around 3.1 meters for apartments while commercial buildings may have floors that are 3.9 meters tall for leased spaces. In very tall buildings there may be utility floors that are taller than the others. Additionally, floors at the top of a tall building may have less floor area than the lower floors.
In English, the main floor of a house is typically the ground floor or the floor above it and it contains the main living areas. In Italy, the main floor is often above ground level and is known as the “piano mobile.”
The attic is a storey located under the roof of a building, with a ceiling that may be at a different height than the other floors. A penthouse is a luxurious apartment on the top floor of a building.
A basement is a storey below the ground floor and the first basement of a house is also called the lower ground floor. Split-level homes have floors that are offset from each other by less than the height of a full storey. A mezzanine is a floor that is located halfway between the other floors of a building.
Buildings can be classified by their height;
- With low-rise buildings having fewer than five storeys.
- Mid-rise buildings having five to ten storeys.
- High-rise buildings having more than seven to ten storeys.
- Skyscrapers having at least 40 storeys
- Super-slender buildings are extremely thin and have 50 to 90 or more storeys.
The storey heights of a building are typically based on the ceiling height of the rooms and the thickness of the floors and can range from 3 to 4.5 meters or more, depending on the type of room. The storey heights of a building may also differ from one floor to another.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Using Storeys In Building Construction
A storey in building construction is a level of an enclosed space, such as a floor in a multistory building. Storeys are used to divide buildings into floors, occupied spaces and mechanical levels.
Having multiple storeys in building construction can be advantageous due to the increased vertical space which gives designers more room to experiment with ceiling heights and various features on each level.
On the other hand, having multiple storeys can also cause structural issues, making it difficult for builders to ensure stability and safety throughout the whole structure.
In addition, cost considerations should also be taken into account when considering how many storeys will be incorporated into a design as additional stories result in stock piling of materials and extra labour costs that can quickly add up.
Ultimately, depending on design goals and budgetary constraints, storeys may or may not be suitable for certain constructions depending on their needs.
Design Considerations For Multi-Storey Buildings
When building multi-storey buildings, there are a number of design considerations that need to be taken into account. Structural stability is key when designing multi-storey structures, and it is essential that the foundation and framing architecture is sound and stable to ensure the structure will not collapse under its own weight or during extreme weather events.
Other considerations include fire safety, building access/egress, ventilation/air flow, lighting, electrical systems as well as HVAC design. Additionally, it is important to consider acoustic properties when constructing multi-storey buildings in order to reduce noise from external sources or from other parts of the building itself.
Considering all these factors beforehand will help designers create a safe environment for inhabitants of the multi-storey building.
Safety Precautions For Multi-Storey Buildings
When building a multi-storey structure, safety should be of utmost importance. Safety precautions specific to multi-storey structures include regular maintenance and inspections of the building’s elevator, fire escapes, and other safety equipment.
Stairs should also be designed with handrails for safe entry and exit from the building. Proper ventilation should also be maintained for all floors of the building in order to avoid hazardous levels of carbon dioxide build-up.
In addition, emergency exits should be clearly marked and easily accessible at all times, and there should be proper control over access to the building in order to prevent unauthorized personnel from entering or using the premises.
By following these safety considerations, developers can ensure that a multi-storey building is both structurally sound and safe for its occupants.