Burnt Clay Bricks | Frog in Brick | Header Course Bricks | Queen Closer Bricks

Burnt Clay Bricks | Frog in Brick | Header Course Bricks | Queen Closer Bricks

Burnt Clay Bricks | Frog in Brick | Header Course Bricks | Queen Closer Bricks

Burnt Clay Bricks | Frog in Brick | Header Course Bricks | Queen Closer Bricks

What is Burnt Clay Bricks?

Clay is the key raw material used in the making of burnt clay brick and these clay bricks are generally referred to as “brick”.  Clay brick is manufactured using three basic methods, namely:  machine-molded brick, extruded brick, and handmade brick.

Classifications, general quality dimensions, and physical requirements of common burnt clay building bricks used in buildings.

Bricks Specifications

  • Clay bricks are commonly known as red bricks. Red bricks are artificially made from Earth, and its normal strength is 35 kg per centimeter square
  • Fly ash Bricks has a normal strength of 60 kg for centimeter square.
  • The standard size of brick is 200 by 100 by 75 millimeters to 220 by 110 by 80 millimeters.

Clay Bricks have been used for more than 5000 years. Brick is easy to work with, pick up with one hand, the right size to hold in one palm, burn such that it does not twist or crack on weight.

Red Clay brick comes in three quality 1st, 2nd, and 3rd class based on its burnt quality. In no cases, bricks of different dimensions shall be used in a wall section.

Following other different brick terms used on a construction site.

Frog in Bricks

The purpose of providing a frog is to hold the mater and increased binding strength. The side of the frog is considered as the top surface.

Header Course Bricks

The course of bricks or stones laid flat in a wall with its long, narrow side exposed. It is used to build a wall greater than 10-inch thickness.

Stretcher Course Bricks

This is the course of bricks laid width wise. Usually, it is used in the partition wall

Soldier Course Bricks

It is a brick laid vertically with its long, narrow side exposed

Rowlock Bricks

A brick laid on its long, narrow side with the short end of the brick visible

Brick Shiner.

A brick laid on the long, narrow side with a broad face of the brick visible

Queen Closer Bricks

Queen Closer Brick  is a half-brick cut lengthwise. It is used along the length of a quoin that is masonry blocks at the corner of the wall for staggering joints of alternate course.

Queen Header

Queen Header is used at the corner of a wall with a view of header from one side and stretcher from the other

 King Closer Brick

Triangular portion cut to fit in a corner portion of a wall to make a proper joint

Brick Bats

If the brick is cut into three quarters, then it is called as three-quarters Bat. If the brick is cut lengthwise into two halves, is called Queen Closer, and again cut in two halves is known as one quarter-brick

 Course Brick

The horizontal arrangement of bricks and stone, with or without mortar.

Bed Joints and Perperd

These are horizontal joints of a brick or stone masonry

Vandal and Pillar Walls.

A wall consisting of pillars at regular intervals of a thin portion of a wall to give transverse strength to the long boundary wall because the wall’s dead load will become one-sided and tends to fall.

Following are the Characteristics of Good Burnt Clay Bricks.

  1. It should be sound, hard, and well burnt with uniforms size, shape, and color.
  2. It should be fluorescence free.
  3. It should have load homeland moisture movement.
  4. It should be fire-resistant.
  5. It should have a minimum compressive strength of less than 40 kg for square meter,
  6. it should have a water absorption capacity of less than 20%.
  7. Tolerance: 20 Bricks should be stacked the total length and with variants should be plus or minus 40 millimeters

Delivery and Storage of Bricks.

  • All bricks shall be carefully unloaded and stacked.
  • They shall be unloaded by hand or machine onto a reasonably dry and level site and not dipped from vehicles
  • While handling ensure they’re not tipped while moving within site.
  • All bricks must be protected from rain, snow, and rising moisture, and we kept dry at all times

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