Difference Between H Beam and I Beam |What is an H-Beam | What is an I-Beam

Difference Between H Beam and I Beam |What is an H-Beam | What is an I-Beam

Difference Between H Beam and I Beam |What is an H-Beam | What is an I-Beam

Difference Between H Beam and I Beam |What is an H-Beam | What is an I-Beam

What is an H-Beam?

An H-beam is a structural beam that is shaped like an H and gets its name because it looks like a capital H over its cross-section.  H beam is made of rolled steel and incredibly strong.

What is an H-Beam

Details about H Beam

  1. The web of the H beam is thicker and, therefore, more stronger.
  2. H beam flanges and the web have what is called a bevel, in which three pieces of metal come to join and, in the end, appear like a single piece of metal.
  3. It has a bottom and top flange that protrude further from the web when compared with the I -beam flanges.
  4. H-beam cross-section can bear the direct load and tensile stress and resist twisting as the cross-section is wide.
  5. H-beam is best for bridges, columns, mezzanines, beams, platforms, and for commercial and residential building structures.
  6. The flanges on an H-beam are longer and stick out further from the center web.
  7. H-beams can be built up to any size or height and can be used for spans up to 330 feet.
  8. When compared, H-beams weighed is higher than I-beams with the same specifications.
  9. Again, H-beams are built up rather than milled.
  10. The distance from the end of the H beam flange to the beam center web is longer on an H-beam when the same comparison is made on the I-beam flange.

 

What is an I-Beam?

An l -beam is a structural beam shaped like an I and consists of two horizontal planes called flanges that are connected by one vertical component called a web. These particular beams have tapered edges, and they get their names from the fact that it looks like a capital I when viewed from its cross-section. An I-beam has a higher height of the cross-section than the width of its flange.

Difference Between H Beam and I Beam / H Beam vs I Beam

Difference Between H Beam and I Beam

 

H -Beam

I-Beam

Weight and Load of BeamThe H-beam is often a lot heavier than the I-beam, which means it can take more forceWith some buildings where weight and force on a wall may pose a structural issue, the I-beam may be better since it is often lighter.
Center Web of the BeamAn H-beam has a thicker center web, which means it is often stronger.An I-beam often has a thinner center web, which means it is often not able to take as much force as an h-beam.

 

Built-Up of BeamAn H-beam can possibly be built up which means it can be built up to any size or height.An I-beam can only be built up as much as the manufacturer’s milling equipment allows.
Beam ‘s SpanH-beams can be used for spans up to 330 feet.An I-beam may be used for spans of between 33 and 100 feet.

 

Flanges of the BeamH-beams have top and bottom flanges that stick out further from the web than the flanges on I-beamsI-beams have top and bottom flanges, and they are shorter and are not as wide as H-beams.
Mechanical PropertiesH-beam steel is economical section steel with better mechanical properties in section than I-beamNot economical when compared with H Beam
Stability  H Beam can be used as a load-bearing column, and it is stable.

 

I-beam alone cannot meet the stability demand because even thicken I-beams are unstable when used in load-bearing columns.

 

Shape Has an H Shape when viewed from the cross sectionHas an I Shape when viewed from the cross section
Flange Lateral StiffnessThe flanges of hot-rolled H-beam steel is wider than that of I-beams, have greater lateral stiffness, and are more resistant to bending.

 

A narrow flange and have less lateral stiffness with resistance to bending.

 

Number of Pieces

 

The H-beam looks like one piece of metal, but it has a bevel where three pieces of metal come together.

 

An I-beam is not made by welding or riveting metal sheets together and is only one piece of metal throughout.

 

FabricationThe I-beam is fabricated by milling or rolling the steel.The I-beam is fabricated by milling or rolling the steel
UsesH-beam steel can be used for load-bearing columns.

 

I-beam can only be used for beams.

 

 

 

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